According to the Second Chapter of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), which contains the Division of Powers, in its second part of the independent and national institutions, the (CPA) promulgated several Commissions, which are related to the cease-fire, the re-merging of the Forces, the allocation and the Control of the financial revenues and the petroleum returns, the population census, the holding of general elections the drawing of frontiers and lands, the Judiciary and the Civil Service and the human rights. The tasks and functions of these Commissions, which are established by the President of the Republic, with the approval of the First Vice – President, are set as follows:-
The National Civil Service Commission
The Commission shall have the following tasks:
Setting the policies for training and recruitment in the national Civil Service, which aim at specifying 20 to 30 % of the Jobs for qualified Southerners. This ratio shall be confirmed according to the results of the population census, which is referred to in the Transitional Constitution.
To assure that not less than 20 % of the middle and higher levels of the National Civil Service, including the post of the Permanent Undersecretaries are filled by qualified Southerners, during the first three years of the transitional period. This ratio may reach 25%, during five years, provided that the 30% of paragraph (1) above, is achieve in six years.
The evaluation of the resulting progress in the implementation the set policies after the end of the transitional period and setting new objectives, and ends according to necessity, with taking the results of the population census into consideration.
The Commission operates for the execution of its tasks, through the existing entities; in the fields of employment and Training.
The allocation and Supervision of Revenues Commission
Guarantee of transparency and Justice, in relation to the allocation of resource of the collected funds, on the national level of the Government of the Southern Sudan and the states.
Supervision over the subsidies presented by the National Revenues Fund; assure quality and the speed of transferring it to the concerned levels of government.
To assure the transfer of the allocated resources for the war-effected areas, according to the forms agreed upon and guarantee of the speed of their transfer.
Guarantee of transparency and justice, in the allocation of revenues of the Government of Southern Sudan and the states, according to the rates, or percentage ratios, which are provided for, in the division of wealth.
Propose the forms and standards of the division of wealth.
To review and modernize the basis, ratios and standards, once every three years, at least.
The National Petroleum Commission
Setting the general policies and the directives which are related to the development and management of the Petroleum Sector.
Monitoring and evaluation of the implementation of the policies which are shown in paragraph (1), to assure that they (the policies) serve the interests of the Sudanese people.
Setting the strategies and programmes of the Petroleum Sector.
To negotiate about the Petroleum contacts in the Sudan, and their concluding and to make sure of their cohesion with policies and directives of the Commission.
To submit periodical reports about its work, to the Presidency of the Republic.
The Political Commission for the Cease-Fire
The Commission shall be the authority for decision – making.
Without prejudice to the generality of item (1), the Commission shall have the following functions and powers:-
The supervision over the implementation of first part of the annex: 'The means of the implementation of the cease-fire and the security arrangements, its surveillance and checking.
Completing the negotiations about any practical details, whenever that is necessary.
Urging the two parties of the Agreement, to rise, to the level of their pledges, according to the Agreement.
Notifying the two parties of what progress was made, in the implementation of the cease-fire.
To coordinate with the related other national and international entities.
The settlement of the crises, which arise from the implementation of the cease-fire, according to the report of the Joint Military Commission for the Cease-fire, and referring the issues which cannot be solved to the Presidency of the Republic.
To conduct the necessary disciplinary procedure, for offences.
The provision of a political rostum; to continue the dialogue, between the two parties to the Agreement, and the Civil Society.
The encouragement of building trust amongst the Joint Developmental Inter-Governmental Organization, the IGAD Partners Forum, the African Union and the UN, for knowing the latest developments about the implementation of the cease-fire process, in a periodical way; whenever that was necessary.
To propose any amendments, to the cease-fire Agreement, to the Presidency of the Republic.
The Assessment and Evaluation of the implementation of the Peace Agreement in South Kordofan and the Blue Nile States
The two parties agree on the following, as a basis for a political, administrative, economic and social solution for the dispute in Southern Kordofan / The Nuba mountains and the Blue Nile:-
The guarantee of human rights and the basic freedoms for every individual, according to the provisions of the Transitional National Constitution.
The development and Protection of the diverse cultural heritage and the local languages of the citizens of the state.
To develop human resources and the infrastructure, is the main objective of the state. This must be achieved, to respond to the basic needs, according to the best acknowledged practices of the sustainable development, in the core of transparency and accountability.
The Commission for Observing the Protection of the rights of non-Muslims, in the National Capital
To assure that the National Capital, is a symbol of National Unity, which represents the religious, cultural and social diversity; and enrich it.
To care for the guarantee of the rights of the non-Muslims, in the National Capital, under the application of the Islamic Shariaa.
To assure that the rights of the non-Muslims, in the National Capital are well protected, according to the general principles provided for, in the Transitional Constitution and the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA).
To work for the establishment of the spirit of tolerance and peaceful coexistence amongst the inhabitants of the National Capital.
The Joint / Merged Units
Shall be a symbol of National Unity, during the transitional period.
Shall be a symbol of sovereignty, during the transitional period.
To participate in the defence of the country, in the side of the two forces.
Shall be the nucleus for the Army, of the Sudan, in future, in the post – transitional period, if the referendum decided on Unity.
To participate in rebuilding the Country.
The Assessment and Evaluation of the Implementation of the Peace Agreement
To supervise and evaluate the implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), during the preparatory and transition period.
The evaluation of the arrangements of Unity, which were instituted by the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), at the middle of the Transitional period.
The presentation of the Half-Period Evaluation Reports, and any other periodical reports, to the Presidency of the Republic; provided that copies of same, be sent to the International Organizations and the States represented in the Commission.
Offering advice to the Presidency of the Republic, about improving institutions and the arrangements which are established by the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA). The purpose is to make the unity of the Sudan, an attractive choice, for the citizens of the Southern Sudan. This is done from time to time, according to what the commission views as suitable and necessary.
The evaluation of the fulfillment of obligations and the international support, for the implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), and its encouragement.
The formation of a team, for investigation, in any problem which is related to the Comprehensive Peace Agreement.
The publication of the reports of the commission, or parts thereof, after the approval of the Presidency of the Republic.
The building of its self – capacities and engaging the required expertise, from independent institutions, as it deems fit.
Polarization of the direct international financial support, for running its businesses.
The National Commission for Constitutional Revision
The Commission operates for regulating the revision of the Constitution process, completely, during the years of the transitional period (six years), in which it may consider the points of view of the political parties and the society organizations, in confirmation of the political multiplicity and popular participation.
The Commission shall prepare the proposed laws which are necessary for the implementation the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) and the Transitional Constitution (2005).
The President of the Republic, may refer any number of laws, to the Commission, for revision, in accordance with the Transitional Constitution (2005), including the Schedules attached to same, in coordination with the concerned entities.
Without prejudice to the tasks of the state's legislative powers, the National Commission for Constitutional Revision, prepares the model states Constitutions, which concur with the National Constitution, and the Constitution of the Southern Sudan, if need be.
The Population Census Council
Setting plans for: the Population Census.
The determination of the rules and standards for the Central Statistics Bureau.
Follow-up of the arrangements for the Census and supervising the actual Census operation.
Submitting reports to the Presidency of the Republic about the Population Census.
The National Council for the Coordination of Disarmament Deployment and Re-Merging
The Council assumes the following functions:-
Approval of the policies, in the field of disarmament and deployment which are submitted by the competent authorities.
Review and evaluation of the progress made, in the work of the Commissions and the coordination amongst them.
Submitting periodical reports to the Presidency of the Republic.
The Council shall be accountable for its work, to the Presidency of the Republic.
The Joint National Transitional Team
The preparation of the budget estimates for the establishment of Governments on the National, Southern Sudan and states' level, according to the Peace Agreement.
The organization and preparation of the suitable documents, for the donors conference, invitation letters and to become a Secretariat for the donors Conference.